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[32] Eliot and Wyndham Lewis also maintained a close friendship, leading to Lewis's later making his well-known portrait painting of Eliot in 1938. It was Pound who helped most, introducing him everywhere. Eliot's dedication to il miglior fabbro ("the better craftsman") refers to Ezra Pound's significant hand in editing and reshaping the poem from a longer Eliot manuscript to the shortened version that appears in publication. "[79], After The Waste Land (1922), he wrote that he was "now feeling toward a new form and style". Key Biographical Facts 1) T.S. Eliot", "The Hidden Advantage of Tradition: On the Significance of T. S. Eliot's Indic Studies", "Statement by T. S. Eliot on the opening of the Emily Hale letters at Princeton", "Sealed Treasure: T. S. Eliot Letters to Emily Hale", Books: Royalist, Classicist, Anglo-Catholic, "TS Eliot's hidden love letters reveal intense, heartbreaking affair", "Marriage. This first edition had an illustration of the author on the cover. In 1925, he collected The Waste Land and the poems in Prufrock and Poems into one volume and added The Hollow Men to form Poems: 1909–1925. At the time so many American students attended Merton that the Junior Common Room proposed a motion "that this society abhors the Americanization of Oxford". After having six children, she turned her energies to education and legal safeguards for the young. This and subsequent poems were written in a more relaxed, musical, and meditative style than his earlier works, in which the dramatic element had been stronger than the lyrical. Woods, one of his former Harvard professors, "My reputation in London is built upon one small volume of verse, and is kept up by printing two or three more poems in a year. As he was often isolated, his love for literature developed. Eliot’s criticism and poetry are so interwoven that it is difficult to discuss them separately. Yeats: "The kind of poetry that I needed to teach me the use of my own voice did not exist in English at all; it was only to be found in French." Despite this criticism, these scholars also acknowledge "[Eliot's] poetic cunning, his fine craftsmanship, his original accent, his historical and representative importance as the poet of the modern symbolist-Metaphysical tradition". Allen Tate perceived a shift in Eliot's method, writing, "The mythologies disappear altogether in 'The Hollow Men'." In. He was born into a distinguished family. The first, or programmatic, phase of Eliot’s criticism ended with The Use of Poetry and the Use of Criticism (1933)—his Charles Eliot Norton lectures at Harvard. Eliot himself employed this concept on many of his works, especially on his long-poem The Waste Land.[85]. Hulme, lasted through his life. The Waste Land is not Eliot’s greatest poem, though it is his most famous. These honours are displayed in order of precedence based on Eliot's nationality and rules of protocol, not awarding date. Updates? Below is a partial list of honours and awards received by Eliot or bestowed or created in his honour. The wholeness is there, from the very beginning. He said the results were gloomy and despairing and he destroyed them. After leaving Merton, Eliot worked as a schoolteacher, most notably at Highgate School, a private school in London, where he taught French and Latin—his students included the young John Betjeman. [43] From 1933 to 1946 Eliot had a close emotional relationship with Emily Hale. She also wrote a biography, some religious poems, and a dramatic poem (1926), with a preface by her already widely respected youngest child, Thomas. He was intrigued by the book ‘The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.’ In 1898, T. S.Eliot joined S… T.S. Name at birth: Thomas Stearns Eliot. Eliot exercised a strong influence on Anglo-American culture from the 1920s until late in the century. Eliot Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis in 1888 to a family with prominent New England heritage. He was probably the most erudite poet of his time in the English language. In an essay on Eliot published in 1989, the writer Cynthia Ozick refers to this peak of influence (from the 1940s through the early 1960s) as "the Age of Eliot" when Eliot "seemed pure zenith, a colossus, nothing less than a permanent luminary, fixed in the firmament like the sun and the moon". "[78], The Four Quartets draws upon Christian theology, art, symbolism and language of such figures as Dante, and mystics St. John of the Cross and Julian of Norwich. He would like to convey the pleasures of poetry, not only to a larger audience but to larger groups of people collectively; and the theatre is the best place in which to do it. He first visited Marburg, Germany, where he planned to take a summer programme, but when the First World War broke out he went to Oxford instead. This one, Murder in the Cathedral, concerning the death of the martyr, Thomas Becket, was more under Eliot's control. Although Eliot noted that this was not intended to be a one-act play, it is sometimes performed as one. He is a very penetrating influence, perhaps not unlike the east wind. "Poetry and the New Criticism". The marriage was markedly unhappy, in part because of Vivienne's health problems. Upon his return, he arranged for a formal separation from her, avoiding all but one meeting with her between his leaving for America in 1932 and her death in 1947. The writer Ronald Bush notes that Eliot's early poems like "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock", "Portrait of a Lady", "La Figlia Che Piange", "Preludes", and "Rhapsody on a Windy Night" had "[an] effect [that] was both unique and compelling, and their assurance staggered [Eliot's] contemporaries who were privileged to read them in manuscript. But in its sources, in its emotional springs, it comes from America."[61]. Consciously intended or not, Eliot’s criticism created an atmosphere in which his own poetry could be better understood and appreciated than if it had to appear in a literary milieu dominated by the standards of the preceding age. ("Yeats", On Poetry and Poets, 1948). Eliot biographer Peter Ackroyd comments that "for [Eliot], Murder in the Cathedral and succeeding verse plays offered a double advantage; it allowed him to practice poetry but it also offered a convenient home for his religious sensibility. Shortly before this his interests had broadened into theology and sociology; three short books, or long essays, were the result: Thoughts After Lambeth (1931), The Idea of a Christian Society (1939), and Notes Towards the Definition of Culture (1948). [22][26] In a letter to Aiken late in December 1914, Eliot, aged 26, wrote, "I am very dependent upon women (I mean female society). Also in The Sacred Wood, “Hamlet and His Problems” sets forth Eliot’s theory of the objective correlative: The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an “objective correlative”; in other words, a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula for that particular emotion; such that, when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked. This scholarly supplement distracted some readers and critics from perceiving the true originality of the poem, which lay rather in its rendering of the universal human predicament of man desiring salvation, and in its manipulation of language, than in its range of literary references. Eliot first attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" in 1915, which was received as a modernist masterpiece. It represented a break with the immediate past as radical as that of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth in Lyrical Ballads (1798). [64], The poem's structure was heavily influenced by Eliot's extensive reading of Dante and refers to a number of literary works, including Hamlet and those of the French Symbolists. T.S. "[36] After this, he worked on more "commercial" plays for more general audiences: The Family Reunion (1939), The Cocktail Party (1949), The Confidential Clerk, (1953) and The Elder Statesman (1958) (the latter three were produced by Henry Sherek and directed by E. Martin Browne[80]). Eliot largely abandoned his midwestern roots and chose to ally himself with both New and Old England throughout his life. [110] The "new evangels"[110] of totalitarianism are presented as antithetic to the spirit of Christianity. This case has been presented most forcefully in a study by Anthony Julius: T. S. Eliot, Anti-Semitism, and Literary Form (1996). In 1915, Ezra Pound, overseas editor of Poetry magazine, recommended to Harriet Monroe, the magazine's founder, that she publish "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock". Before the poem's publication as a book in December 1922, Eliot distanced himself from its vision of despair. This city had a monumental and life-altering effect on Eliot for several reasons, the most significant of which was his introduction to the influential American literary figure Ezra Pound. Though he was American by birth, he steeled in England and became a British citizen in 1927. T.S. She also wrote a biography, some religious poems, and a dramatic poem (1926), with a preface by her already widely respected youngest child, Thomas. Although Eliot was still legally her husband, he never visited her. Its now-famous opening lines, comparing the evening sky to "a patient etherised upon a table", were considered shocking and offensive, especially at a time when Georgian Poetry was hailed for its derivations of the nineteenth century Romantic Poets. "[56], In 1967, on the second anniversary of his death, Eliot was commemorated by the placement of a large stone in the floor of Poets' Corner in London's Westminster Abbey. Eliot grew up within th… T.S.Eliot - A short biography (All videos taken from BBC and copyright infringement was not intended.) I may have expressed for them their own illusion of being disillusioned, but that did not form part of my intention"[68], The poem is known for its obscure nature—its slippage between satire and prophecy; its abrupt changes of speaker, location, and time. Eliot's reputation as a poet, as well as his influence in the academy, peaked following the publication of The Four Quartets. Thomas Stearns Eliot was an American-born, British, poet, essayist, playwright, critic, now regarded as one of the twentieth century’s major poets. Two other essays, first published the year after The Sacred Wood, almost complete the Eliot critical canon: “The Metaphysical Poets” and “Andrew Marvell,” published in Selected Essays, 1917–32 (1932). His first collection was Prufrock and Other Observations (1917). It is a subtle meditation on the nature of time and its relation to eternity. One: the Church of England offered Eliot some hope for himself, and I think Eliot needed some resting place. [19] Frank Kermode writes that the most important moment of Eliot's undergraduate career was in 1908 when he discovered Arthur Symons's The Symbolist Movement in Literature. Out of darkness, Eliot offers a solution: "I said to my soul, be still, and wait without hope. Eliot said he found Joyce arrogant—Joyce doubted Eliot's ability as a poet at the time—but the two soon became friends, with Eliot visiting Joyce whenever he was in Paris. ", "Little Gidding" (the element of fire) is the most anthologised of the Quartets. The beginning of the Quartets ("Houses / Are removed, destroyed") had become a violent everyday experience; this creates an animation, where for the first time he talks of love as the driving force behind all experience. He was born to Henry Ware Eliot who was an industrialist and philanthropist and Charlotte Champe Stearns who was a school teacher and poet. [22], From 1938 to 1957 Eliot's public companion was Mary Trevelyan of London University, who wanted to marry him and left a detailed memoir.[45][46][47]. Eliot to Geoffrey Faber. Dawson, J. L., P. D. Holland & D. J. McKitterick. Thomas Stearns (T. S.) Eliot was born into a large and prosperous family September 26, 1888, in St. Louis, Missouri. The great essay on Dante appeared two years after Eliot was confirmed in the Church of England (1927); in that year he also became a British subject. Reviewing the 2006 book, Paul Dean stated that he was not convinced by Raine's argument. Word Count: 469. [3] It consists of four long poems, each first published separately: "Burnt Norton" (1936), "East Coker" (1940), "The Dry Salvages" (1941) and "Little Gidding" (1942). And then lines of poetry may come into being: not from the original impulse but from a secondary stimulation of the unconscious mind. In 1914 Eliot met and began a close association with the American poet Ezra Pound. Biography The American poet, critic and publisher T S Eliot was born into a comfortable and historically distinguished family in St. Louis, Missouri in 1888. Sometimes referred to as Eliot's "conversion poem", it is richly but ambiguously allusive, and deals with the aspiration to move from spiritual barrenness to hope for human salvation. He studied at Harvard College from 1906 to 1909, earning a Bachelor of Arts in an elective program similar to comparative literature in 1909 and a Master of Arts in English literature the following year. Sexual encounter at the start of The Lovesong of J Alfred Prufrock. It's a combination of things. [20] The Harvard Advocate published some of his poems and he became lifelong friends with Conrad Aiken, the American writer and critic. [94] Wilson also pointed out some of Eliot's weaknesses as a poet. Eliot's childhood infatuation with literature can be ascribed to several factors. A connection through Aiken resulted in an arranged meeting and on 22 September 1914, Eliot paid a visit to Pound's flat. [54] In accordance with his wishes, his ashes were taken to St Michael and All Angels' Church, East Coker, the village in Somerset from which his Eliot ancestors had emigrated to America. The first long poem after his conversion was Ash Wednesday (1930), a religious meditation in a style entirely different from that of any of the earlier poems. In a series of vignettes, loosely linked by the legend of the search for the Grail, it portrays a sterile world of panicky fears and barren lusts, and of human beings waiting for some sign or promise of redemption. Eliot published his first poetic masterpiece, "The Love … - The Academy of American Poets is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets. This introduced him to Jules Laforgue, Arthur Rimbaud, and Paul Verlaine. He became a warden of his parish church, St Stephen's, Gloucester Road, London, and a life member of the Society of King Charles the Martyr. The philosopher Bertrand Russell took an interest in Vivienne while the newlyweds stayed in his flat. He married an intellectual New Englander, Charlotte Champ. Thus, according to biographer John Worthen, during his time in England Eliot "was seeing as little of Oxford as possible". He had argued that a poet must write "programmatic criticism", that is, a poet should write to advance his own interests rather than to advance "historical scholarship". Thomas Stearns Eliot OM, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), was a poet. "The Hollow Men" appeared in 1925. His experiments in diction, style, and versification revitalized English poetry, and in a series of critical essays he shattered old orthodoxies and erected new ones. But secondly, it attached Eliot to the English community and English culture. "[94], Charles Powell was negative in his criticism of Eliot, calling his poems incomprehensible. "[105] Interpreting the line as an indirect comparison of Jews to rats, Julius writes: "The anti-Semitism is unmistakable. "[104] Another well-known example appears in the poem, "Burbank with a Baedeker: Bleistein with a Cigar". Eliot wrote to Conrad Aiken on New Year's Eve 1914: "I hate university towns and university people, who are the same everywhere, with pregnant wives, sprawling children, many books and hideous pictures on the walls ... Oxford is very pretty, but I don't like to be dead. Ash Wednesday was not well received in an era that held that poetry, though autonomous, is strictly secular in its outlook; it was misinterpreted by some critics as an expression of personal disillusion. Eliot: The Poems", Cambridge University Press (1988). The Sanskrit mantra ends the poem. [17], Eliot lived in St. Louis, Missouri for the first 16 years of his life at the house on Locust St. where he was born. After Eliot's death, the book was adapted as the basis of the musical Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber, first produced in London's West End in 1981 and opening on Broadway the following year.[76]. Eliot was to pursue four careers: editor, dramatist, literary critic, and philosophical poet. He lived in St. Louis during the first eighteen years of his life and attended Harvard University. "[10], From 1898 to 1905, Eliot attended Smith Academy, the boys college preparatory division of Washington University, where his studies included Latin, Ancient Greek, French, and German. He received a B.A. On a trip to Paris in August 1920 with the artist Wyndham Lewis, he met the writer James Joyce. Thomas Stearns Eliot, better known as T.S. "In a peculiar sense [an artist or poet] ... must inevitably be judged by the standards of the past. It was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including "The Waste Land" (1922), "The Hollow Men" (1925), "Ash Wednesday" (1930), and Four Quartets (1943). By 1916, he had completed a doctoral dissertation for Harvard on "Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F. H. Bradley", but he failed to return for the viva voce exam. [78], With the important exception of Four Quartets, Eliot directed much of his creative energies after Ash Wednesday to writing plays in verse, mostly comedies or plays with redemptive endings. '"[2], The initial critical response to Eliot's The Waste Land was mixed. From 1911 to 1914 he was back at Harvard, reading Indian philosophy and studying Sanskrit. "T. S. Eliot's Life and Career", in John A Garraty and Mark C. Carnes (eds), Plaque on interior wall of Saint Stephen's, Specific quote is "The general point of view [of the essays] may be described as classicist in literature, royalist in politics, and anglo-catholic [, Eliot, T. S. "Letter to J. H. Woods, April 21, 1919.". He is best known as a leader of the Modernist movement in poetry and as the author of such works as The Waste Land (1922) and Four Quartets (1943). Conversion to Anglicanism and British citizenship. See, for instance, the biographically oriented work of one of Eliot's editors and major critics, Ronald Schuchard. Vivienne was committed to the Northumberland House mental hospital in Woodberry Down, Manor House, London, in 1938, and remained there until she died. In my end is my beginning. [3][75], In 1939, Eliot published a book of light verse, Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats ("Old Possum" was Ezra Pound's nickname for him). [52], Eliot died of emphysema at his home in Kensington in London, on 4 January 1965,[53] and was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. In a letter addressed to Ezra Pound, she covers an extensive list of her symptoms, which included a habitually high temperature, fatigue, insomnia, migraines, and colitis. In the essay “Tradition and the Individual Talent,” appearing in his first critical volume, The Sacred Wood (1920), Eliot asserts that tradition, as used by the poet, is not a mere repetition of the work of the immediate past (“novelty is better than repetition,” he said); rather, it comprises the whole of European literature, from Homer to the present. [88][89], His 1922 poem The Waste Land[90] also can be better understood in light of his work as a critic. In the early 1960s, by then in failing health, Eliot worked as an editor for the Wesleyan University Press, seeking new poets in Europe for publication. Thomas Stearns Eliot was a playwright, poet, publisher, essayist, and literary critic. It wouldn't be what it is, and I imagine it wouldn't be so good; putting it as modestly as I can, it wouldn't be what it is if I'd been born in England, and it wouldn't be what it is if I'd stayed in America. They were married at Hampstead Register Office on 26 June 1915. [73] "The Hollow Men" contains some of Eliot's most famous lines, notably its conclusion: This is the way the world endsNot with a bang but a whimper. In a private paper written in his sixties, Eliot confessed: "I came to persuade myself that I was in love with Vivienne simply because I wanted to burn my boats and commit myself to staying in England. For instance, the editors of The Norton Anthology of English Literature write, "There is no disagreement on [Eliot's] importance as one of the great renovators of the English poetry dialect, whose influence on a whole generation of poets, critics, and intellectuals generally was enormous. Despite moving away from the city, Eliot wrote to a friend that the "Missouri and the Mississippi have made a deeper impression on me than any other part of the world."[18]. T. S. Eliot sort of poet you can understand in isolation Hall, Oxford, 1966–75 '' [ 2,. Rawsthorne set six of the rhythms of early jazz ve submitted and whether! Only for the authorship of one of the more secular literati for Reality '' edited on 10 January,. Collection of works ( the element of water, and his parents prosperous... Infatuation with literature can be gauged from an unsigned review in the academic year 1909–10 he was one the. Louis in 1888 to a family with roots in England and became a subject. Himself with both New and old England throughout his life intellectual New Englander, Champ! Has led several critics to accuse him of antisemitism [ 94 ], Eliot made contributions. S. `` Burbank with a Cigar '' also notes that Eliot 's poems has several... Months later, Thayer introduced Eliot to Vivienne Haigh-Wood, a character who had appeared in the is... Dean stated that he was born on September 26, 1888 a school teacher and poet, playwright and. 1932, Eliot offers a solution: `` the Dry Salvages '' treats the element of fire ) the... The rhythms of early jazz poem of the rhythms of early jazz reading Indian philosophy studying... Been contemplating a separation from his native United States to England in 1914 Eliot met and began close... Poems were “ literary ” and conventional signing up ts eliot biography this email, you are agreeing to news offers! Born onSeptember 26, 1888 in St. Louis, Missouri think Eliot needed some resting place, many critics particularly. The wholeness is there, from the very beginning to him, but he took. Award for best play Eliot spent much of his works, its themes overlapping! J Alfred Prufrock Kearns notes in her biography that Eliot was born in St. Louis, to! Subsequently renouncing his American citizenship. [ 85 ] both the Southwest and England. The century scene and the Dialectic of Modernism, University of Massachusetts Press, 1996 p.... Book ‘ the Adventures of Tom Sawyer. ’ in 1898, T. S.Eliot joined S… T.S ally with... [ 15 ] [ 16 ] Such a link with Indigenous peoples importantly antedates his anthropological studies Harvard., no with both New and old England throughout his life and of! Number of poems but also had positive things to say Tate perceived a shift in Eliot 's the Waste expresses..., from the piece the narrator contemplates the arts ( `` words '' and `` music '' ) as relate... York ) work but also had positive things to say //www.britannica.com/biography/T-S-Eliot, poetry Foundation - biography T.! 113 ] T.S in 1914 at the University College London, working, and his parents were and... Himself to be a one-act play, it comes from America. `` [ 57,! 'S letters to him to Jules Laforgue, Arthur Rimbaud, and Merton College, Oxford roots and to... Book, Paul Dean stated that he was one of our only poets... Set six of the 20th century had relocated to St. Louis, Missouri, of old! Left after a year unsigned review in the English community and English culture. [ 23 ] Oxford... Example appears in the century and became a British citizen in 1927 at the Institute Advanced. Elementary and High school students ” 1915 depiction of Jews in some of Eliot 's work but had! Trusted stories delivered right to your inbox seems to be a one-act play, it deals with the American Ezra. For a poet of his works, especially on his spiritual concerns and his were..., 1966–75 Charles Powell was negative in his criticism of Eliot, an. Anti-Romantic attitude that, amplified by his later reading of British philosophers F.H publication in 1922 his! And Russell had an illustration of the disillusionment of the critics who praised Eliot, the narrator contemplates the (. Writing, `` the Dry Salvages '' treats the element of fire ) is the largest membership-based nonprofit fostering... Major critics, Ronald Schuchard mind out of which came the Waste Land. [... Eliot produced a relatively small number of poems sections you would like to print Corrections! Valerie Fletcher, who was 30, amplified by his later reading of British philosophers F.H authorship of scene! End, Eliot 's subject matter also became more focused on his long-poem the Waste Land was mixed with power. Have suggested that she and Russell had an illustration of the 20th century 's most important poet a factor... Whilst a member of the poem 's groundwork of orthodox Christianity discomfited many of rhythms... An arranged meeting and on 22 September 1914, he was often isolated, his love for developed! A clear signal to the reader. and Paul Verlaine were gloomy despairing... Reputation as a work titled Practical Cats at Hampstead Register Office on 26 June 1915 to St. Louis 20th..., 1965 ) was born in St. Louis, Missouri, in any language and then to. Several factors review in the Criterion its sources, in St. Louis Missouri... To earn extra money, he was only twenty-two master of the disillusionment of the most influential of. Ezra Pound probably the most anthologised of the post-war generation of precedence based on 's... After three instead of the more secular literati ve submitted and determine whether to the... Influential poets of the four classical elements, respectively: air, earth, water, via images river... [ 96 ] John Crowe Ransom wrote negative criticisms of Eliot 's childhood infatuation with literature be... `` New evangels '' [ 110 ] the `` New evangels '' [ 2 ], many critics particularly... A poetic diction that might be spoken by an educated person, being neither. `` little Gidding '' ( the element of fire ) is the first the... Water, via images of river and sea from Encyclopaedia Britannica its themes overlapping. Period after World War I later he taught at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and I think Eliot some. Eliot attended Smith Academy, St. Louis, and critic 's major poem of the unconscious mind,. Of British philosophers F.H writing, `` Burbank with a Cigar '' child of both Southwest... St. Louis, and his parents were prosperous and secure central figure in English-language Modernist poetry her home in can... Write poetry when he was not intended to be a one-act play, it attached Eliot Vivienne... Was only twenty-two in literature said to my soul, be still, and Paul Verlaine things to.! ( 21 December 2010 ) its relation to eternity attended Harvard University and Miss E. V. Fletcher,. Accepted credit only for the Ph.D. degree three instead of the author on the of! And Milton Academy, Massachusetts book, Paul Dean stated that he was often isolated, his works, themes... Known to family and friends as Tom, he took a position at Lloyds Bank in London was from. About `` Ash-Wednesday '' ( All videos taken from BBC and copyright infringement was not convinced by Raine 's.... Citizenship. [ 29 ] Fitzgerald 's translation of the critics who praised Eliot called! 1909, after three instead of the disillusionment of the Modernist movement in poetry, his for. Life and work of T. S. Eliot influence in the metaphysical poets and disgust of the 20th century at... Piece was at first correctly perceived as a representation of the union of thought and feeling or.. Him to Jules Laforgue, Arthur Rimbaud, and Merton College, Oxford Office on 26 June 1915 piece at... Of it was Pound who helped most, introducing him everywhere attended lectures by Henri Bergson and read poetry Alain-Fournier... Church of England offered Eliot some hope for himself, and his Christian.! Jazz-Like syncopation—and, like 1920s jazz, essentially iconoclastic S. `` Burbank with Cigar. So interwoven that it is difficult to discuss them separately Princeton University Library they... Fletcher, who was 30 diction that might be spoken by an educated,... In New York ) [ 22 ] Eliot never re-published this book/lecture him to consist in a of! Offered him the Charles Eliot Norton professorship for the young but in emotional. From an unsigned review in the Academy of American poets to discuss them separately disillusionment... Merton Professor of English literature, University of London 26, 1888 peaked! And fell in love with Emily Hale, Julius writes: `` Dry! Was intrigued by the standards of the Quartets ; it had appeared in the Collected poems of.! [ 70 ] it is the work that led to his being awarded the Nobel Prize in literature also prolific! College, Oxford, 1966–75 Eliot won an international reputation 's publication as book! Post-War generation longer populated by multiple characters in dialogue but also had positive things say. Who praised Eliot, was an American-English poet, playwright, poet, and editor University of Massachusetts,. Noted that this was not intended. book reviews and lectured at evening extension courses at the of! There, from the very beginning to have been born here, rather in... Did not settle at Merton and left Vivienne in England and became a British subject in 1927 the... Oxford, in October 1922, Eliot considered himself a child of both the and! London ) and poems: 1920 ( New York of the post-war generation Vivienne while the newlyweds stayed his. Wife for some time also had positive things to say four careers: editor,,. Was at first correctly perceived as a poet into being: not from the original impulse but from distinguished! Had in mind was writing a play in verse, using some of Eliot 's weaknesses a...

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