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395 - The Roman Empire is split into two empires. Visit this site for this Italy History Timeline detailing Key historical dates and events. So many pivotal moments in our collective past have taken place in Italy that it can be considered Europe’s historical keystone. By the late 18th century, the peninsula was little more than a tired, backward playground for the big powers. 1814 - Napoleon is defeated and Italy is divided up into small states. In the Papal States the authorities kidnap a 6 year old Jewish boy named Edgardo Mortara from his parents and raise him as a Catholic 1859 After the war with Italy Piedmont gains Lombardy 773 - The Franks, led by Charlemagne, invade Italy and defeat the Lombards. 1938 - Italian scientist Enrico Fermi wins the Nobel Prize in Physics. At the battle of Pavia in 1525, the French were decisively defeated. For further background, see history of Italy and list of Prime Ministers of Italy. 64 - Much of the city of Rome burns in the Great Fire of Rome. The Greeks begin to found colonies in Italy. Italy goes on to become a battleground between Germany and the Allied forces until the conclusion of the war in 1945. 1919 - … 800 - The pope crowns Charlemagne leader of the Holy Roman Empire. The peninsula again becomes a political entity, as the modern nationof Italy, in 1861. Italy gains some territories. Venice History Facts and Timeline: Venice, Veneto, Italy To uncover Venice's history, we need to step back in time to the 5th century AD, when Attila the Hun invaded Italy. The Romans gradually take Etruscan territory. This is a timeline of Italian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Italy and its predecessor states, including Ancient Rome and Prehistoric Italy. 1940 - Italy joins World War II on the side of Germany. Here is a brief timeline of important events that have shaped Italy and its people; the focus here will be geared towards recent events (from 100 years ago or so), located towards the bottom, but we’ll begin with more ancient events first. Afterwards Italy gains Venice. Comparative History, Political, Military, Art, Science, Literature, Religion, Philosophy. In theory, Italy should have joined in the sides of these two nations when war broke out in August 1914. 800 - The Etruscans settle in central Italy. Kids learn about the history and timeline of the country of Germany including Germanic tribes, Roman rule, kings, the Reformation, the World Wars, and the reuniting of East and West. The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Rimini in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. The pope requests help from the Franks. German and Italian radio stations broadcast an official proclamation in … 2000 - Bronze Age begins in Italy. Romagna, Modena, Parma and Tuscany agree to join Piedmont. In the Papal States the authorities kidnap a 6 year old Jewish boy named Edgardo Mortara from his parents and raise him as a Catholic, After the war with Italy Piedmont gains Lombardy. Aldo Moro the leader of the Christian Democrats is murdered. Since the glory days of the Renaissance, Italy’s divided mini-states had gradually lost power and status on the European stage. Instead of uniting against the invaders the Italian states split into two factions supporting either France or Spain. In all other periods of prehistory and history this most desirable of territories has been shared and fought over by numerous rival groups. 1915 - Italy enters the First World War on side of Allies. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. The Italians join the Prussians in a war with Austria. Important: When you delete information from Timeline, it’s permanent.You won’t be able to see your Location History information on Timeline again. Timeline: Italy A chronology of key events: 1915 - Italy enters World War I on side of Allies. Napoleon marched into Italy on several occasions, finishing off the Venetian republic in 1797 (ending 1000 years of Venetian independence) and creating t… 800 - The Etruscans settle in central Italy. In the 1st century BC Italy is under the control of a single power, Rome, and it will remain so until the 5th century AD. 1922 - Benito Mussolini and the fascist government takes control. The king makes Mussolini prime minister. A line of Sabine, Latin and Etruscan (earlier Italian civil… Rome rebels against the Etruscans. 1861 - The Kingdom of Italy is established. 1805 - Napoleon declares the Kingdom of Italy. Italy - Italy - History: The Roman Empire was an international political system in which Italy was only a part, though an important part. The second war against Carthage. The Byzantine emperor Justinian sends an army to Italy, The German emperor Frederick Barbarossa is defeated at Legnano, The French capture Naples but soon withdraw, Alarmed by the spread of Protestantism in Italy the Pope founds the Roman Inquisition, Napoleon places Venice under Austrian control, Giuseppe Mazzini lives in Britain but stoke the fires of Italian nationalism, All rebellions are crushed and the old order is reimposed in Italy, Camillo Cavour becomes Prime Minister of Piedmont, Cavour makes a deal with the French to drive the Austrians out of Italy. 1626 - St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is consecrated. The last Roman emperor in the west is deposed. 488 - The Ostrogoths led by Theodoric take over Italy. 1348 - The Black Death plague strikes Italy and kills around one third of the population. The Roman Empire was instrumental in creating the foundations for modern society, Florence was central to the Renaissance movement and Rome houses the head of one of the world's largest religions. When the empire fell, a series of barbarian kingdoms initially ruled the peninsula, but, after the Lombard invasion of 568–569, a network of smaller political entities arose throughout Italy. They capture Naples on 7 June. Fast facts and information for students, children & kids via the Italy History Timeline. The new government declares war on Germany. Date of the prehistoric era are approximate. Timeline Description: Italy is situated in the heart of Southern Europe and is recognizable by its famous boot shape protruding into the Mediterranean. 1796 - Northern Italy is conquered by Napoleon and made part of the French Empire. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins lived to defeat that king and found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. 1633 - Galileo is condemned as a heretic and sentenced to life in prison. This is a chronology of the major events that have played a part in In the 16th century the French and Spanish fought over Italy. 1200s - Powerful city-states begin to develop throughout Italy including Florence, Milan, Venice, and Naples. In 1515 the French captured Milan. However, in 1519 Charles V became emperor of Spain and other parts of Europe. Garibaldi leads a force to support a rebellion in Palermo. 1946 - The Italian Republic is formed along with a new constitution. Rome and Venice are still separate states. As legend has it, Rome was founded in 753 B.C. 306 - Constantine the Great becomes Emperor of Rome. 1300s - The Renaissance begins in Florence, Italy in the 1300s. 1871 - Most of Italy including Rome is now united as one kingdom. Vesuvius Erupts 476 – Flavius Odoacer Becomes First King of Italy 753 - According to legend, Romulus founds the city of Rome. 126 - Emperor Hadrian rebuilds the Pantheon in Rome. 1895 - The telegraph is invented by Marconi. Compulsory primary education is introduced in Italy, Francesco Crispi is prime minister of Italy, All literate men in Italy are given the vote, The Italians win a victory at Vittorio Veneto, Mussolini founds the Fasci di Combattimento. 700s - The Greeks settle much of southern Italy and Sicily. Mussolini begins 'the battle of the grain' to make Italy self-sufficient. 1308 - The Divine Comedy is written by Dante. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. The Catholic Church makes an agreement with the Fascists, Mussolini declares war on France and Britain. The World Digital Library provides free access to manuscripts, rare books, maps, photographs, and other important cultural documents from all countries and cultures, in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian and Milan History Facts and Timeline (Milan, Lombardy, Italy) This Lombardy city was founded around 400 BC by a group of Gauls known as the Insubres. 1947 The Allied forces' peace agreement with Italy, forces Italy to ceed land and pay hundreds of of millions of dollars in reparations. 31 - Marc Antony is defeated by Octavian's forces at the Battle of Actium. The Romans completely defeat the Carthaginians. 1960 - The summer Olympics are held in Rome. Italy invades Greece. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources . A force of Fascists march on Rome. The Spaniards … Italy’s long history is dominated by three periods, the three R’s: The Roman Empire: during these centuries Italy was the centre of one of the largest empires the world has ever seen, and the wealth that poured into the peninsula led to the creation of some of … The Western Roman Empire is ruled from Rome. Most natives of the country lived in villages or small towns, supported themselves by agriculture or animal husbandry (Italia means “Calf… 1815 - The reunification of Italy begins. Italy recorded 602 deaths on Monday from the coronavirus — a staggering total that could nonetheless be some cause for hope because it's the second day of decline from Saturday's high of 793. Cavour makes a deal with the French to drive the Austrians out of Italy. 2002 - The Euro becomes the official currency of Italy. 1943 - Mussolini loses power and Italy surrenders to the Allies. It brings to you insightful and educational information in the form of articles, ebooks, audiobooks and videos. The French Revolution at the end of the 18th century and the rise of Napoleon awakened hopes in Italy of an independent nation. Italy and World War One In the years that led up to World War One, Italy had sided with Germany and Austria-Hungary in the Triple Alliance. 98 - Trajan becomes emperor. In certain circumstances abortion is allowed. Women gain the right to vote. Odoacer is made king of Italy. The king of Piedmont becomes king of all Italy. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Italy is a boot-shaped peninsula that juts out of southern Europe into the Adriatic Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and other waters. All free Italians are granted Roman citizenship, Pompey destroys the pirates in the Mediterranean, Under the Emperor Trajan the Roman Empire reaches its peak, All free people in the empire are granted Roman citizenship, Constantine the first Christian emperor dies. The Italy History Timeline provides a record of events in the 751 - The Lombards conquer Italy. View Images A family on the Italian island of Sicily takes a passeggiata—an evening stroll. The Iron Age begins. 79 CE – Mt. He later will write the standard history of the Jews of Italy in 1946. The Plebeians (poor Romans) withdraw from Rome and found their own settlement on the Aventine Hill, Almost all of southern Italy is in Roman hands, The last Etruscan town falls to the Romans. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for. 1919 - World War I comes to an end with the Treaty of Versailles. Kingdoms, Battles, Expeditions. 334 - The Romans begin to colonize and take over much of Italy. In 1521 the Spaniards took Milan from the French. Rome is made the capital of the Kingdom of Italy. 1940 — Italy invades France and Greece. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. World History Maps & Timelines. IntroBooks is an online learning platform. 1806 - The French Empire under Napoleon 1936 - Italy joins the Axis alliance with Germany. Italian History In many ways, the history of Italy is the history of the modern world. In this section, learn about the great and not so great moments in […] However, the French then formed an alliance with some Italian states called the league of Cognac. Timeline Italy 1920s-1930s Timeline created by dominicviper In History Feb 10, 1919 Paris peace conference reaction History State The Paris Peace Conference convened in January 1919 at Versailles just outside Paris. A chronology of key events: 1861 - Italy becomes a nation-state under King Victor Emmanuel II. Mussolini makes himself dictator of Italy. British History Timeline Explore all of British history, from the Neolithic to the present day, with this easy-to-use interactive timeline. 100s - The Roman Empire expands to include most of the Mediterranean. If you have other settings like Web & App Activity turned on and you delete Location History, you may still have location data saved in your Google Account as part of your use of other Google sites, apps, and services. Timeline Search Search through the entire ancient history timeline. 1915 - Italy joins World War I on the side of the Allies. Giacomo Matteotti the leader of the Socialists is murdered. 1377 - The papacy returns to Rome from France. 1929 - Vatican City becomes an independent territory called the Holy See within the city of Rome. 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