" And, of course, both the Matthew and Lucan genealogies show that this was exactly fulfilled. Let’s find the first encouragement God gives the Jews to do his will. Moses in excitement omitting the bracketed words ( Exodus 32:26 ). ninth month--three days more than two months from the second prophecy ( Haggai 2:1 ); in the month Chisleu, the lunar one about the time of our December. What they refused to allow as "holy" in case (1) was not specifically covered, except upon the premise that only those things God declares to be "holy" are actually so. Haggai 2 Commentary Rosscup : This work came out in 1856. The latter part of Haggai 2:7 is apparently just such a revelation. The Judgment shall come; God shall shake the heavens and the earth and the kingdoms of men (signifying their removal); and the Second House shall be greater than the First, because from it there will come salvation to God's people, something that never came out of the First one. However, true as these observations are believed to be, there is a far greater fulfillment of this passage yet future, as humanity approaches the end of their probation, as wickedness waxes worse and worse, as human states tend more and more to deify humanity and to reject the knowledge of God altogether, in the end times, all the nations of men will be overthrown in one cataclysmic occurrence. David Guzik commentary on Haggai 2 declares the second word from God: the glory of the new temple, and the third: clean and unclean. Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." But they could not … We do not need to suppose for a moment that Haggai grasped the full import of God's Word which came through him. Thus it will be made evident that the blessing is due to Me, not to nature. Gill properly discerned the true "glory" of the Lord's house. . When the beast, and the dragon, and the false prophet shall gather all "the kings of the earth unto the war of the great God almighty" (Revelation 16:15. " The message about to be introduced concerning the contrasting characteristics between holiness and defilement. . . Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Haggai 2:19. . ( Ezra 3:10 Ezra 3:11 ); the foundation now laid was the secondary one, which, above the earth, was laid on the previous work [TIRINUS]. The Hebrew for to "covenant" is literally "to cut," alluding to the sacrificial victims cut in ratification of a covenant. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. . of greater than of the former--namely, through the presence of Messiah, in (whose) face is given the light of the knowledge of the glory of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ; compare Hebrews 1:2 ), and who said of Himself, "in thi s place is one greater than the temple" ( Matthew 12:6 ), and who "sat daily teaching in it" ( Matthew 26:55 ). The sinful nation would have to make some changes before blessings could be bestowed. Get busy! "Ask now the priests concerning the law..." "The law" mentioned here is that contained in the Pentateuch and which long had existed in Israel as the supreme religious authority. shake . And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. (1-9) Their sins hindered the work. "The word ... came the second time ..." is a reference to its having twice come on that particular day of the month (Haggai 2:18). This was allowed to be "holiness." Commentary for Haggai 2 . Haggai rebuked his listeners in chapter 1. Even so, "the proportions were not greatly inferior to those of the first temple. Psalms 68:8 mentions the heavens dropping near the mountain (Sinai); but Haggai speaks of the whole created heavens: "Wait only a little while, though the promised event is not apparent yet; for soon will God change things for the better: do not stop short with these preludes and fix your eyes on the present state of the temple [CALVIN]. Ask . Charles L. Feinberg discussed this verse as follows: "Moreover, in Hebrew an abstract noun is often used instead of the concrete; thus a reference to the Messiah is not automatically ruled out on the basis of language considerations. Despite our preference for the KJV in this verse, the commentary above is written upon our version (ASV) and interpreted accordingly. Let's have none of that nonsense about the time not being ripe; do you suppose the times are ripe for you to live in your nice houses while the house of God lies in ruins ? Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Haggai 2:13. Zerubbabel will be a signet ring to God. 6. F. F. Bruce also received this interpretation of it: This crumbling pageant shall devour - the whole material universe will be shaken to pieces, and the only things to survive will be those that are unshakable."SIZE>. "Holy flesh" (that is, the flesh of a sacrifice, Jeremiah 11:15 ), indeed, makes holy the "skirt" in which it is carried; but that "skirt" cannot impart its sanctity to any thing beyond, as "bread," &c. ( Leviticus 6:27 ). "This house ..." Haggai did not view the efforts of his generation as the construction of a new Temple, but as the rebuilding of the old one. Our own enlightenment upon what is meant can be immeasurably aided by the writings of the New Testament apostles and prophets of the New Covenant, notably among whom is the apostle John. It is pointless to speculate upon Haggai's complete understanding of what Jehovah here said, or not. The kingdoms of the world are but the scaffolding for God's spiritual temple, to be thrown down when their purpose is accomplished. His four addresses to the people make up the book that bears his name in the Bible. So "a man of desires," that is, one desired or desirable ( Daniel 9:23 , 10:11 , Margin; Daniel 10:3 , Margin). (Significantly, Haggai here connected the very class of disasters modern man likes to explain solely upon the basis of "natural causes" as judgmental in character.). 18. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Resumed from Haggai 2:15 after Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17, that the blessing in Haggai 2:19 may stand in the more marked contrast with the curse in Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17. Compare 1 Corinthians 3:12 , where gold and silver represent the most precious things ( Zechariah 2:5 ). 2:7. Speaking of the glory of that first Temple, it must indeed have been a magnificent splendor. 3. Who is left . First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man ( Isaiah 2:4 , Hosea 2:18 , Zechariah 9:10 ). . The shaking began introductory to the first advent; it will be finished at the second. "Is it not in your eyes as nothing ...?" ", Some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this reference to seed in the barn, etc. Here he applies the two cases just stated. As for Zerubbabel's building. So also the vine, &c., which heretofore have borne little or nothing, shall be blessed with productiveness. Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. Their prophets warned them, but to no avail. The sum of these two rules of the law is, that sin is more easily learned from others than holiness. God's love and tenderness for his people was unbounded. Compare "(let him come) unto Me!" In the first and the last of these, one finds two prophecies of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. v3 Some of you remember this house in its first *glory. . when the Babylonians, led by Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, killed many of … 21. to Zerubbabel--Perhaps Zerubbabel had asked as to the convulsions foretold ( Haggai 2:6 Haggai 2:7 ). a signet--( Solomon 8:6 , Jeremiah 22:24 ). At that time "the cities of the nations" shall fall Revelation 16:19), and the primeval sentence upon Adam and Eve shall finally be executed in the person of their total posterity. "In that day ..." injects a time element into the prophecy that made it impossible for Zerubbabel to have been the one designated as Messiah. See below for a summary of the entire prophecy: Wonderful things had happened to Israel, the people at that time being Judah and Benjamin alone, Ephraim and the northern tribes having been permanently removed from history. From the destruction of the first temple to the second year of Darius Hystaspes, the date of Haggai's prophecy, was a space of seventy years ( Zechariah 1:12 ); and to the first year of Cyrus, or the end of the captivity, fifty-two years; so that the elders might easily remember the first temple. 3Adapted from Carol L. Meyers and Eric M. Meyers, Haggai, Zechariah 1—8, p. xxxi. Proud member so--or, "and." Arise, and build the Temple! . The inspiration of Haggai and Zechariah at this time was a specimen of the presence of God's Spirit remaining still with His people, as He had been with Moses and Israel of old ( Ezra 5:1 , Isaiah 63:11 ). and how do ye see it now? . When God was with his people, they were indeed glorified, and all of the alleged inferiority of the new temple would be nullified and compensated for by the presence of the Lord himself who was moving toward the accomplishment of his eternal purpose through the instrumentality of the "once chosen" people in bringing forth the Messiah into the world. And now, I pray you, consider from this day and backward, before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of Jehovah.". Zerubbabel's significance lies in the fact of his being the only visible heir and successor to David that was known in that age; and the inclusion of the Babylonian governor of Israel in the prophecy meant that God's ancient promise to David of one to sit upon his throne was yet valid, that it still stood, and that "in that day" the new Zerubbabel would appear. If the priorities of our heart are wrong, nothing we do is really holy to God. Although the disastrous conditions had continued right up until the very day the foundation of the temple was laid, and despite there hardly being enough seed in the granaries to sow the fields, Haggai will now pronounce an astounding blessing upon the people. They are yearning for solutions, wisdom, power, understanding, vision, and love, and He is all those things. Study the bible online using commentary on Haggai 2 and more! Haggai reminds them that their presence in the Promised Land doesn't make everything they do holy. . " This is quite obviously the same construction that the author of Hebrews placed upon the passage. Haggai 2:20. We find it in 1:1-12.Let’s read that. 9. Again, it is the glory of the New Covenant in Christ Jesus that provides the complete fulfillment of the passage. Eugene H. Merrill, An Exegetical Commentary: Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi, pp. This is the same ninth month, Chisleu, corresponding to November/December. To both questions the priests give a correct answer. "I will make thee as a signet ..." The signet ring conferred upon its wearer the full authority and power of the giver; and this is a pledge of the absolute authority and power of Jesus Christ. Or, translate, "From this day on which the temple is being begun," namely, on the foundations long ago laid [GROTIUS]. . in this place . Some have estimated the cost of Solomon's Temple somewhere between three and five billion dollars! He will yet bless the true Israel (the spiritual seed of Abraham), making them a blessing to all the earth. " Such monies were not available to Zerubbabel. Also, he built a temple, as Christ built the far greater Temple of his Church. They commanded in case ( 2 ) was already covered saith Jehovah of hosts. `` the... Messianic prophecies this seventh month was Teshri, the fig tree, it shall be blessed with productiveness an. 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This part of the law at their mouth, Mal up the book that bears his in... Be for us, who can be against us? were typical of similar mercies to civic! 12:27, `` when shall that Teacher be the shaking began introductory to the people themselves the.
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